|关键词: 生态农场 生态用地 景观偏好 农场管理者 京郊果园 生态补偿
|Ecological landscape construction and optimization strategy of suburban Beijing farm based on managers’ preference
AN Yu, FAN Shunxiang, QIAO Yuhui, LIU Yunhui*
|(Beijing Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Organic Farming， China Agricultural University， Beijing 100193， China)
|Reasonable construction and protection of ecological landscape at farm scale to maintain relevant landscape services is an important content of ecological farm construction. In order to promote the construction of ecological farm ecological landscape and provide a scientific basis for the formulation of relevant encouraging policies， this study carried out an investigation on 46 orchard farms （35 organic farms， 11 conventional farms） in suburban Beijing to understand the current characteristics of the ecological landscape in operational farms. Farmers’ attitude， landscape preference and their willingness to participate in ecological compensation were explored. The results showed that： Most farms concern more on production and have little consideration on landscape and ecological conservation， resulting in poor landscape effect. Organic farm managers have a significantly better understanding on ecological land than conventional farm managers. However， both of them hope to obtain better landscape services through constructing ecological landscape elements； More than 50% of farm managers prefer to build ecological land with flower plants， and place them at farm boundaries or between fields for land saving. There are more than 90% of farm managers are willing to accept ecological compensation， and expect more than five years financial subsidies provided by government； Farm type and management model affect the decision on the area of ecological landscape construction. Organic farms， enterprises or cooperative farms are more inclined to use more than 5% of the land area for ecological landscape construction. Therefore， strengthening the training on farmer’s awareness and practice management on ecological conservation and promoting ecological compensation on flowering ecological land by government are important strategies to encourage the construction of ecological landscape elements for the improvement of ecosystem services in ecological farms.
|Key words: ecological farm ecological land landscape preference farm manager orchard in Beijing suburb ecological compensation